Monthly Archives: December 2020

Askers Make Answers Unreliable

Askers, as is the case for instruments and settings, affect answers and, thereby, make them unreliable. Answers may be accurate and correspond to what’s really going on, or they may not. Because askers only have answers, it’s impossible for them … Continue reading

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Asking Settings Make Answers Unreliable

Settings in which questions are asked and answers given make answers unreliable; that is, answers that may, or may not, be accurate. This happens because components in the two types of settings (societal and immediate, discussed below) skew answers, and … Continue reading

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Unrepresentative Samples and Results: Fatal Flaws in Survey Research

Updated December 8, 2020 Unrepresentative samples and, therefore, unrepresentative results, are fatal flaws in survey research. With rare exception, all survey research efforts (polls, surveys, interviews, et al.) are unrepresentative, thereby producing unreliable answers; that is, answers that may, or … Continue reading

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Asking Instruments Make Answers Unreliable

Asking instruments (polls, surveys, interviews, focus groups, and all other types of asking) produce unreliable answers; that is, answers that may, or may not, be accurate. The only way to know if answers are accurate is to check or verify … Continue reading

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Nonresponse A Fatal Flaw in Survey Research

Updated December 8, 2020 Nonresponse–that is, not answering when asked—is a fatal flaw in survey research. Regardless of the type of asking instrument (poll, survey, self-administered questionnaire, computer assisted telephone interview, et al.) and regardless of whether the asking effort … Continue reading

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9+ Ways Respondents Make Answers Unreliable

Respondents make answers unreliable—that is, answers that may, or may not, correspond to what’s really going on—because they1. sometimes lie,2. often do not have relevant and/or correct information,3. and because their values and norms affect answers, as do their4. interests … Continue reading

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We’re Fractured and We’re Not Coming Together

Updated December 22, 2020 Our society is fractured and will likely remain so for the foreseeable future. Neither Joe Biden’s, Van Jones’s, or any other or all kumbaya efforts, no matter how well-intended and/or fervently promoted, can overcome the forces … Continue reading

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US Constitution Rigged

As I have pointed out in another blog post, the US Constitution is rigged, designed to give the edge to some while disadvantaging others. Here are Michael Klarman’s comments about the Constitution that also demonstrate its rigging—biases that have been … Continue reading

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